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8/1/2005 Space. Two new "planets" discovered in our solar system. One larger than Pluto, one with a moon.

"Designated as 2003 EL61, the main object in the two-body system is 32 percent as massive as Pluto and is estimated to be about 70 percent of Pluto's diameter." - more here.


Astronomers have discovered an object in our solar system that is larger than Pluto. They are calling it the 10th planet, but already that claim is contested. The new world's size is not at issue. But the very definition of planethood is. The new object, temporarily named 2003 UB313, is about three times as far from the Sun as is Pluto. "It's definitely bigger than Pluto," said Brown, a professor of planetary astronomy. The object is round and could be up to twice as large as Pluto, Brown told reporters in a hastily called NASA-run teleconference Friday evening. ... One of many? The object is inclined by a whopping 45 degrees to the main plane of the solar system, where most of the other planets orbit. That's why it eluded discovery: nobody was looking there until now, Brown said." - more here.


10/30/03: Solar Storm Hits Earth: MSNBC "The second of two monster space storms began racking Earth’s magnetic field around 10 a.m. ET Thursday. ... Kunches said Earth’s protective magnetic field might be worn down by the first upheaval and could be more vulnerable to this second attack, even though the storm itself appears to be less powerful. ... The Federal Aviation Administration earlier in the week issued an alert — the first of its kind ever — cautioning passengers about extra radiation they would receive during flights above 25,000 feet in altitude, north of Albuquerque and similar latitudes. ... NOAA estimates that an airline passenger can experience as much radiation as 10 chest X-rays during a geomagnetic storm."

This last sentence doesn't tell us much. As we can see below, chest X-rays have changed dramatically and there is huge variability. Saying "as much as a 10 chest X-rays" is like saying "as ten times as many cookies as there are in a cookie jar." What size jar? What size cookies? See what I mean?

10/24/03: Radiation Shield: Are you being attacked by your own Sun? Try this new protective RADIATION SHIELDING GARMENT and sleep a little easier. "DemronTM not only protects against particle ionizing/nuclear radiation (such as Beta and Alpha), but does what NO OTHER full body radiation protection can do: shield against X-ray and low-energy Gamma emissions. ... DemronTM suits are constructed from a unique nanotechnology" - RADSHIELD

10/24/03: Solar Storm Hits Earth: Right now we are being hit extra hard by the Sun. "In a G-3 storm, power systems may need to correct voltage. ... During the storm the sun sends more energy toward the Earth than usual. "The earth's magnetic field pulls it in ... and is now trying to balance it," Kunches said. The effect can be felt worldwide and may even be more intense on the side of the Earth in darkness which is trying to "dump" the extra energy, he said." There is an idea in the Shaver Mystery that says creatures live longer and get much bigger when they are deep inside the Earth, shielded from the deadly effects of the Sun. According to Joseph C. Dillow, The Waters Above (Chicago: Moody Press, 1981), p. 170., mice raised in deep caves, "hundreds of feet below the ground" shielded from cosmic and solar radiation did not live any longer. Nor their offspring. The average mouse lives 118 weeks (2.26 years.) Rats also live only 2 to 3 years.

10/23/03: Sun Coronal Mass Ejection: (CNN) --"Satellites, pagers, cell phones, and electrical grids could be affected Friday by a moderately powerful ejection of magnetic material from the sun. Space weather forecasters say the coronal mass ejection, or CME, was detected Wednesday morning at 3 a.m. EDT. It is expected to reach Earth about 3 p.m. EDT Friday, and its effects could last 12 to 18 hours." Photos here.

The Sun varies in distance from 91,402,000 miles to 94,512,000 miles from earth. The average distance is 92,957,000 miles. Light travels at 186,282 miles per second. Dividing the average distance to the Sun by the speed of light gives 499.01225 seconds which is 8.3168708 minutes, on average, that light takes to reach the Earth from the Sun.

Why, then, does a CME take several hours to reach us? CMEs from our Sun are the biggest "explosions" in our solar system, approaching the power in a billion hydrogen bombs. Each one flings up to 220 billion pounds of solar plasma into space at up to 2,000,000 miles per hour. ( Note that this is much slower than the speed of light. The speed of light is 670,616,629 miles per hour. ) The Sun's diameter diameter is about 862,400 miles and the Earth's is roughly 7,900 miles so any calculations of great accuracy have to take locations on the Earth and Sun into account.


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